All bills, acts, orders, or resolutions to Since the United States was founded as an independent nation from Great Britain, its people had confronted many economic, political, and social problems. A. Mexican Constitution of 1824 B. • Extension of the Mexican political system. Fearful of attack by Mexican troops, fifty nine delegates, borrowing from other State Constitutions and the United States Constitution, met at the Washington-on-the-Brazos to write the first Constitution for Texas as an independent unitary body of Government. Dec 4, 2018 . << Previous: Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) Next: Constitution of Texas (1861) >> Constitution of Texas (1845) Texas was able to take more care when drafting its first state constitution. The Republic of Texas won its independence on April 21, 1836, with a final battle along the San Jacinto River. Sec. The Constitution of 1845, which provided for the government of Texas as a state in the United States, was almost twice as long as the Constitution of the Republic of Texas. A. Mexican Constitution of 1824 B. However, the pre-Independence Texas Constitutions, and every other post-Independence Texas Constitution (since 1845) has included such a reference. When all attempts to arrive at a formal annexation treaty failed, the United States Congress passed--after much debate and only a simple majority--a, Texas’ Battle for Independence and Juan Seguin The request by Austin seemed preposterous. The Constitution of 1836 thatestablished the Republic of Texas was modeled after _____ asked Nov 25, 2015 in Political Science by sheknow20. Texas, do ordain and establish this Constitution. In November 1835, he was appointed for major general of the Texas army. Because of escalating tensions between Texas and Mexico, Texas declared its independence in 1836, established the Republic of Texas, and adopted a new constitution. [The Judicial Branch] Sec. The Constitution of the Republic under which it was elected had been adopted in March at Washington-on-the-Brazos. UNANIMOUS DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, BY THE DELEGATES OF THE PEOPLE OF TEXAS, IN GENERAL CONVENTION, AT THE TOWN OF WASHINGTON, ON THE SECOND DAY OF MARCH, 1836 The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836), the first Anglo-American constitution to govern Texas, was drafted by a convention of fifty-nine delegates who assembled at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1, 1836. • Contained a unicameral congress of 12, governor and vice governor • Catholicism was made the state’s religion. The Convention of 1836 wrote the Texas Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, organized the ad interim government, and named Sam Houston commander in chief of the military forces of the republic. Modeled after US Declaration of Independence, lists complaints Texans had against Santa Anna's government. Year and Document Title of Texas (state, republic, nation, etc. Principles of Government; Principles - Recording Sheet; Thursday, January 8th: Constitutional Convention. Turtle Bayou Resolutions C. Texas Declaration of Independence D. United States Constitution*** 2. The battle for Texas’ independence was a hard battle. Adopted just before annexation, the Constitution of 1845 set forth Texas law in a simple and straightforward manner. On March 1, 1836 in the midst of the Texas Revolution, a group of 59 delegates assembled at Washington-on-the-Brazos to draft founding principles for the new Republic. Lorenzo de Zavala helped in the drafting of the Constitution of the … Strong executive. A. I'd go with C. 1 0 ‍ Writeacher. • Laws were published in Spanish. What is Differentiation? View items from this exhibit. The senators shall be chosen by districts, as nearly equal in free population (free negros and Indians excepted) as practicable…. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas was the supreme law of Texas from 1836 to 1845.. On March 2, 1836, Texas declared itself an independent republic due to a lack of support from the United States in their revolutionary movement. A constitution was adopted by the convention fifteen days later and ratified by a vote of the people of the republic on the first Monday in September 1836. his second wife and his life among the Indians Samuel Houston went to Texas in 1832 to begin the most crucial part of his career as a public servant. The next constitution was enacted in 1836 for the independent Republic of Texas. The Alamo wasn’t built with the intention of being a fort. Text of the 1836 Constitution of the State of Texas, with original document scans. 1. Attempts at independence were silenced for the time being and the elections of 1835 proceeded forward. These were detailed in the Constitution of the Republic of Texas of 1836. The preamble to the 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas, which had closely tracked the preamble to the U.S. Constitution, likewise omitted any reference to God. Copy of the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, transcribed by Secretary of Convention, Henry S. Kimble: March 17, 1836. SEC. The Texas Constitution of 1836 lifted major portions from the U.S. Constitution. The Republic of Texas was made up of districts, as you'll read in the second of the two links I gave you. Written and adopted in haste, the 1836 Texas Constitution was a product of the social and economic conditions of the time as … The next constitution was enacted in 1836 for the independent Republic of Texas. Brief; only 6,500 words. [The Legislative Branch] Section 7. (Ericson, Joe E.) Provisions adopted from other Southern States were a direct reflection of where most of the fifty nine delegates who drafted the first Texas Constitution came from. Ok thank you 0 0; Anonymous. The next constitution was enacted in 1836 for the independent Republic of Texas. A constitution was adopted by the convention fifteen days later and ratified by a vote of the people of the republic on the first Monday in September 1836. It is the sixth constitution that has been made since Texas gained independence from Mexico in 1836. The mission was founded by Antonio de San Buenaventura, and was called the San Antonio de Valero Mission. • Extension of the Mexican political system. Consequences The Texas Army was provisionally formed by the Consultation in November 1835, however it did not replace the Texian Army until after the Battle of San Jacinto. Written and adopted in haste, the 1836 Texas Constitution was a product of the social and economic conditions of the time as well as the legal heritage of Texas, the southern United States and Mexico. Constitutional government began in Texas under Mexican rule. Sec. FREEDOM AND SOVEREIGNTY OF STATE. Start studying Constitution of the Republic of Texas 1836. Separation of powers to three branches. Formed after adoption of Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836. A full transcript is available. The Republic of Texas government was reconstituted in 1995 and in June, 2005 the delegates convention in Temple, Texas voted to accept the 1836 Constitution as the official contract between the Texian people and their government. The article “The Texas Constitution” by Lawrence W. Miller is mainly about the stages of leading up to the creation of our current Texas Constitution, and the lengthiness that seems to ne be taken into consideration when creating the final draft. The Constitution of Coahuila Y Tejas (1827) • Incorporated features from the Mexican and Spanish heritage of the state. The First Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) 902 Words4 Pages. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836), the first Anglo-American constitution to govern Texas, was drafted by a convention of fifty-nine delegates who … Since that time, they have had four newer state constitutions, 1861, 1866, 1869 and 1876. On March 2, 1836, Texas declared itself an independent republic because of a lack of support in the United States for the Texas Revolution. The Texas Constitution of 1836 lifted major portions from the U.S. Constitution. But early in 1821, the Spanish government, occurred in the midst of the Texas Revolution and had an everlasting effect on the country and then state of Texas. D could be correct, too, given the nature of those very first Texans!! The vice president of the republic shall be president of the senate, but shall not vote on any question, unless the senate be equally divided. Allowed slavery to continue and legalized the purchase of new slaves, Needed for African Americans or American Indians to become citizens, Formal request, any free African American who wanted to stay in Texas had to petition the government, Temporary, David G. Burnet was selected as interim president and Lorenzo de Zavala was interim vice-president, The Convention adjourns because report was received that the Alamo had fallen and that Santa Anna's army was marching towards Washington-on-the Brazos. Excerpt. First Anglo-American constitution. Houston: Printed at the Office of the Telegraph, 1838, vol. Excerpt UNANIMOUSDECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE,BY THEDELEGATES OF THE PEOPLE OF TEXAS,IN GENERAL CONVENTION,AT THE TOWN OF WASHINGTON,ON THE SECOND DAY OF MARCH, 1836 When a government has ceased to protect the … 1836 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS AS AMENDED Page 1 of 13. The Texas Constitution of 1876. The Judicial powers of the Government shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as the Congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish. Their first state constitution was enacted in 1845. Constitutional government began in Texas under Mexican rule. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Were those nine years unnecessary and could it have been done in a shorter period of time? Most Texans were pro-slavery, and the constitution of the Republic of Texas clearly proclaimed that position by legalizing slavery and prohibiting settlement by free African Americans. He was commissioned alone with John Forbes by the provisional government, American settlement in Texas began with the encouragement of first the Spanish, and then Mexican, governments. Independence Hall at Washington-on-the-Brazos. 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas Page 3 of 11 fail to return a bill within five days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented for his approval and signature, the same shall become a law, unless the congress prevent its return within the time above specified by adjournment. Republic of Texas Social Media. Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) Leave a Comment; Printing history; Download PDF; Navigation: Previous Next. The first constitution of Texas adopted on March 1, 1836 opens with these words, “We, the people of Texas, in order to form a Government, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense and general welfare; and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution”. Journals of the convention; ARTICLE IV. 27. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas was the supreme law of Texas from 1836 to 1845. The previous six were adopted in 1827 (while Texas was still part of Mexico and half of the state of Coahuila y Tejas), 1836 (the Constitution of the Republic of Texas), 1845 (upon admission to the United States), 1861 (at the beginning of the American Civil War), 1866 (at the end of the American Civil War), and 1869. The current constitution is the seventh in Texas history. 1. Fearful of attack by Mexican troops, fifty nine delegates, borrowing from other State Constitutions and the, (Haag and Keith p. 37) Adapted from Spanish-Mexican law, tax exemptions, protection of homesteads, and community property rights, were some of the most important provisions put into the 1836 constitution that Texas adopted upon its separation from Mexico. Its features included separation of powers into three branches—legislative, executive, and judicial—with a system of checks and balances. Copy of the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, transcribed by Secretary of Convention, Henry S. Kimble: March 17, 1836. Power to create or change the government comes from the people. Brief; only 6,500 words. 10. 9-25. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas was the supreme law of Texas from 1836 to 1845. Purpose is to establish independence from Spain After the war of independence that separated Mexico from Spain as an independent country and oust of Agustin I as the ruling monarch, Narrative History of Texas Annexation, Secession, and Readmission to the Union Texas is a free and independent State, subject only to the Constitution of the United States, and A. The Republic of Texas won its independence on April 21, 1836, with a final battle along the San Jacinto River. A full transcript is available. Rich in history, a symbol of the heritage of Texas, the birthplace of a nation—this is “Independence Hall.” Download the PDF file . 1, pp. a. the new constitution of Mexico b. the Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas c. the U.S. Constitution d. the constitution of the neighboring Mexican state of Coahuila. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) established different rights according to the race and ethnicity of each individual. However, the way that constitution was written is more "federalism" than popular sovereignty. 27. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS March 17, 1836 We, the people of Texas, in order to form a government, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for … Section 107. To what was the 1836 Constitution of Texas similar? 1. ARTICLE I. His background was that of a Philadelphia dry goods merchant, a Virginia mine operator, a Louisiana judge, and a Missouri banker. One of the most significant and controversial in the antebellum years was the Texas annexation which was a result of, The First Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836), The first constitution of Texas adopted on March 1, 1836 opens with these words, “We, the people of Texas, in order to form a Government, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense and general welfare; and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution”. The resulting constitution incorporated large sections of the United States Constitution along with Mexican law. A constitution was adopted by the convention fifteen days later and ratified by a vote of the people of the republic on the first Monday in September 1836. 13 October 1834 was the first revolutionary meeting of the American citizens who’d settled in Mexico, in the area soon to be known as Texas.  Republic of texas  5B - quizlet. 1 0 ‍ Writeacher. Since that time, they have had four newer state constitutions, 1861, 1866, 1869 and 1876. a) Mexican Constitution of 1824 b) Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas of 1827 c) Constitution of the Republic of Texas 1836 d) Texas State Constitution of 1845 (Q005) The U.S. Constitution and the Texas Constitution … The influence of the U.S. Constitution led Texas to establish civil rights B. 1.) (“Constitution of Republic of Texas” pp. However, throughout the Republic period (1836-1845) no treaty of annexation negotiated between the Republic and the United States was ratified by both nations. The Republic of Texas Constitution, 1836. Their current constitution is based upon the 1876 constitution and had been amended 483 times since then.] Texas became the 28th state in December 1845. (Ericson, Joe E.) Priests were not allowed to hold a public office, there was the abolishment of imprisonment for debt, and short office terms of representatives and judges were all provisions that reflected the uncommon practices of a Southern Jacksonian view point. The Republic of Texas was formed in 1836. But this place is so much more than, nine years of Texas’s independence were long and seemed to be dragged out. The framers of the Texas Constitution did not seem to learn much from their predecessors, the writers of the U.S. Constitution. Text of the 1836 Constitution of the State of Texas, with original document scans. We, the people of Texas, in order to form a government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence and general welfare, and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution. In Texas he soon became involve in the Texans politics of rebellion, he was a delegate from Nacogdoches at the Convention of 1833 in San Felipe, in there he took sides with the radicals lead by William H. Wharton. Back to Tamplin.1836.com. [The Legislative Branch] Section 1. A. Part of the Tarlton Law Library/Jamail Center for Legal Research's Texas Constitutions 1824-1876 digital collection. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836), the first Anglo-American constitution to govern Texas, was drafted by a convention of fifty-nine delegates who assembled at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1, 1836. SEC. The Constitution of Coahuila Y Tejas (1827) • Incorporated features from the Mexican and Spanish heritage of the state. "Constitution of Republic of Texas." With, War and the Annexation of the Republic of Texas (1836-1845) The declaration of independence was written by George Childress and modeled after the United States Constitution. ARTICLE I. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836), the first Anglo-American constitution to govern Texas, was drafted by a convention of fifty-nine delegates who assembled at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1, 1836 ( see CONVENTION OF 1836 ). Because of escalating tensions between Texas and Mexico, Texas declared its independence in 1836, established the Republic of Texas, and adopted a new constitution. (Ericson, Joe E.) Evolving from the English criminal court system, the provisions calling for the application of judiciary law were widely used and preferred by most white American settlers when trying criminal court cases. On March 1, 1836 in the midst of the Texas Revolution, a group of 59 delegates assembled at Washington-on-the-Brazos to draft founding principles for the new Republic. Image available on the Internet and included in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. [Note – Texas has a unique constitutional history starting with their first constitution in 1827 when they were part of Mexico. The article starts out by explaining how the U.S. Constitution works in regards to the government, and how it was created. 1. Journals of the convention; ARTICLE III. The new charter was brief, composed of less than 6,500 words. Texans celebrate March 2 as Texas Independence Day. 1824 Federal Constitution of United Mexican States Part of the Federal Republic of Mexico. Convention of 1836. President Andrew Jackson didn't even recognize the Republic of Texas until he was ready to leave office, and his successor, Martin Van Buren, did his best to ignore the annexation issue. Constitution of the Republic of Texas 1836 [SENATE DISTRICTS: “free population (free negroes and Indians excepted).] 2. ARTICLE I BILL OF RIGHTS That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established, we declare: Sec. 11. This Declaration of Rights is declared to be a part of this Constitution, and shall never be violated on any pretence whatever. Procedure Refresher; Wednesday, January 7th: 7 Principles of Government. Protected civil and religious freedoms, freedom of speech, protected people from unlawful arrests. Turtle Bayou Resolutions C. Texas Declaration of Independence D. United States Constitution*** 2. A new constitution was ratified in September of 1836. Tuesday, January 6th: We're stepping up our differentiation in this class! Which of the following statements best explains how the establishment of the Republic of Texas brought civil freedom to Texas? Their current constitution is based upon the 1876 constitution and had been amended 483 times since then.] • Contained a unicameral congress of 12, governor and vice governor • Catholicism was made the state’s religion. Texas Constitution to 1876 One republic and five state constitutions. SEC. Mexico did not allow slave immigration, so Texas wanted to be a part of the United States that allowed slavery. Modeled after US Constitution, divided government into 3 branches, citizens would elect their leaders, included a Bill of Rights. The declaration of independence was written by George Childress. It is the sixth constitution that has been made since Texas gained independence from Mexico in 1836. Created in 1836, the first Constitution of the Republic of Texas was born. Modeled after U.S. Constitution and several states. [Note – Texas has a unique constitutional history starting with their first constitution in 1827 when they were part of Mexico. At first glance, this modest place may not appear significant, after all, it was designed to be a practical, little mercantile. The Texas constitution of 1836 had shared ideals with the U.S. Constitution. 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas – With Added and Deleted Amendments. On March 2, 1836, Texas declared itself an independent republic because of a lack of support in the United States for the Texas Revolution. To what was the 1836 Constitution of Texas similar? During the Texas Revolution, delegates to the Convention of 1836 hastily drafted a new constitution for the fledgling Republic of Texas. The declaration of independence was written by George Childress and modeled after the United States Constitution. Separation of powers to three branches. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836), the first Anglo-American constitution to govern Texas, was drafted by a convention of fifty-nine delegates who assembled at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1, 1836. With the exception of the United States constitution, the 1876 Texas constitution serves as the supreme law of Texas. Dec 4, 2018 . (Q004) What was the first federal constitution under which Texas operated? Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) Leave a Comment; Printing history; Download PDF; Navigation: Previous Next. Laws of the Republic of Texas, in Two Volumes. Texas 1836 Draft Constitution. (Ericson, Joe E.), My Life with SDS and The Weathermen by Mark William Rudd. Their first state constitution was enacted in 1845. But the main reason was that Mexico would not change or consider any government. During the Texas Revolution, delegates to the Convention of 1836 hastily drafted a new constitution for the fledgling Republic of Texas. Their first state constitution was enacted in 1845. Click here to vote in the Plebiscite (First: suggested viewing of the above video) Follow Us! Texas residents wanted to break away from Mexico and become a self-governing republic inside of Mexico because they did not like Santa Anna’s laws. The United States started to expand its territory in the western part of the country. Constitutions a reflection of the era in which it was written 1836 - Republic of Texas. The people attempted a movement that soon was laid to rest by the Mexican Congress. Faced with the threat of imminent Mexican attack, they incorporated large sections of the United States Constitution along with some Mexican law. Texas became the 28th state in December 1845. Constitutions a reflection of the era in which it was written 1836 - Republic of Texas. The Republic of Texas gained its independence from Mexico in 1836. A constitution was adopted by the convention fifteen days later and ratified by a vote of the people of the republic on the first Monday in September 1836. SEC. Protected slavery The next constitution was enacted in 1836 for the independent Republic of Texas. The first constitution of Texas adopted on March 1, 1836 opens with these words, “We, the people of Texas, in order to form a Government, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense and general welfare; and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity, do ordain and establish … I, Sec. The new charter was brief, composed of less than 6,500 words. Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) Leave a Comment; Printing history; Download PDF; Navigation: Previous Journals of the convention; DECLARATION OF RIGHTS. The Texas Army, Texas Navy, and Texas Militia were officially established on September 5, 1836, in Article II of the Constitution of the Republic of Texas. HTML and PDF formats. Protected slavery. With the exception of the United States constitution, the 1876 Texas constitution serves as the supreme law of Texas. Site of Texas Constitutional convention of 1836. Some examples are the Louisiana purchase from1803 and the Spanish Florida annexation. Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) In the midst of the Texas Revolution, delegates to the 1836 Convention hastily drafted a constitution for the new Republic of Texas. Many lives were taken, home destroyed, and families were torn apart. Part of the Tarlton Law Library/Jamail Center for Legal Research's Texas Constitutions 1824-1876 digital collection. The Convention of 1836 was the meeting of elected delegates in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas in March 1836. Independence Hall is a humble, one-room, wooden cabin located at the Washington on the Brazos Historic Site in Texas. 2. Modeled after U.S. Constitution and several states. In the early 1700s the Spanish set up a mission in Texas to house local Native Americans and convert individuals to Catholicism. The Convention of 1836 wrote the Texas Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, organized the ad interim government, and named Sam Houston commander in chief of the military forces of the republic. The Constitution specified a term of two years for the first elected president (Sam Houston) and terms of three years thereafter; the president could not succeed himself, but there were otherwise no term limits. And purpose of document Political Tension, Issues, and Debates, Causes Key changes and impact on organizations, structure, and power of Texas government Section 10 of the General Provisions of the Constitution stated that all persons who resided in Texas on the day of the Declaration of Independence were considered citizens of the Republic, excepting "Africans, the descendants of Africans, and Indians." Texans voted in favor of annexation to the United States in the first election following independence in 1836. Constitution of the Republic of Texas 1836. In the midst of the Texas Revolution, Texan settlers elected delegates to the Convention of 1836, which issued the Texas Declaration of Independence and elected David G. Burnet as interim president of the new country. Created in 1836, the first Constitution of the Republic of Texas was born. In the summer of 1820 Moses Austin, a bankrupt 59-year old Missourian, asked Spanish authorities for a large Texas land tract which he would promote and sell to American pioneers. Which of the following ideals did the Texas constitution most likely support? Strong executive. HTML and PDF formats. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Constitution and Laws of the Republic of Texas, to Which is Added the State Constitution of 1845. The Executive authority of this Government shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled The President of the Republic of Texas. 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas Page 3 of 11 fail to return a bill within five days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented for his approval and signature, the same shall become a law, unless the congress prevent its return within the time above specified by adjournment. The mission had three locations. Texas became the 28th state in December 1845. 1. The first was near San Pedro Creek, the, a modest mercantile would be miraculously transformed into a symbol of freedom and an inspiration of courage? Laws shall be made to exclude from office, from the right of suffrage, and from serving on juries, those who shall hereafter be convicted of bribery, perjury, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. 9-25.) For the next nine years Texas stood as an independent nation. Texas Constitution of 1836 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. • Laws were published in Spanish. Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) Leave a Comment; Printing history; Download PDF; Navigation: Previous Next. The modern constitution of 1876 has been in effect for almost one hundred and forty years now. Texas became the 28th state in December 1845. SEC. Texas Constitution to 1876 One republic and five state constitutions. Sec. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836) established different rights according to the race and ethnicity of each individual. Constitution of the Republic of Texas 1836 Texas’s break with Mexico was, in part, a constitutional crisis. The modern constitution of 1876 has been in effect for almost one hundred and forty years now. (Art. The Event- The Alamo Which of the following statements best explains how the establishment of the Republic of Texas brought civil freedom to Texas? [ORGANIZATION OF COUNTIES: “free male inhabitants.”] ARTICLE IV. Sec. In 1845, Texas was one of twenty-eight political units in the United States, raising the US flag in mid-February (Frantz 1976, p. 90). The Texas Constitution of 1836 Texas gains their independence, becomes their own country (Republic of Texas) The Texas Constitution of 1845 US Annexation of Texas; Texas is pre-approved to split up in to as much as 5 states; The Texas Constitution of 1861 Texas secedes from the Union and joins the Confederate States of America; The Texas Constitution of 1866 Journals of the convention; GENERAL PROVISIONS. Their first state constitution was enacted in 1845. First Anglo-American constitution. The previous six were the 1827 Constitution of the State of Coahuila and Tejas, the 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas, and different versions of the constitution of Texas for the years 1845, 1861, 1866, and 1869. 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