Some of the prominent species of flower that bloom in the valley are Braham Kamal, Anemone, Geranium, Marsh Marigold, Prinula, Lillium, Morina, Pedicularis, Arisaema and Sibbaldia. The National Park is embedded in the 2,236.74 km 2 (863.61 sq mi) sized Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, which, in turn, is encompassed in the 5,148.57 km 2 (1,987.87 sq mi) buffer zone around the Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks UNESCO site. Valley of Flowers, Article by Asif N Khan in Hornbill April–June 2015 P.p. Valley of Flowers National Park. Some of the common herbs are Arisaema jacquemontii, Boschniakia himalaica, Corydalis cashmeriana, Polemonium caerulium, Polygonum polystachyum (a rampant tall weed), Impatiens sulcata, Geranium wallichianum, Galium aparine, Morina longifolia, Inula grandiflora, Nomochoris oxypetala, Anemone rivularis, Pedicularis pectinata, P. bicornuta, Primula denticulate and Trillidium govanianum. The lower surrounding hills in the buffer zone are thickly forested. [3] Together, they encompass a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and Great Himalaya. The Valley of Flowers National Park is stretched in more than 87.5 Sq. Comparative studies between the VoF and other potentially similar sites are limited because Garhwal has remained largely unstudied and unknown to the outside world due to its difficult access and strategic sensitivity. Birds found in the park include Himalayan monal pheasant and other high altitude birds. It is spread over an area of around 88 sq. Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, located in North Chamoli and Pithoragarh, in the state of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora. Valley Of Flowers National Park photos and images are from professional photographers, tourists and Team eUttaranchal pics. [citation needed]. "The Valley of Flowers; A newly declared World Heritage Site", The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Valley_of_Flowers_National_Park&oldid=993271254, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 18:52. The Valley of Flowers extends over a region of 87.50 sq km- a territory. They are declared in areas that are considered to be of adequate ecological, geomorphological and natural significance. Diversity in Action! Gorumara NP. Following this, the botanist authored two important books- ‘The valley of flowers-Myth and Reality’ and ‘Ecology and conservation of the Valley of Flowers National Park, Garhwal Himalaya’. Especially the examinations conducted by the UPSC, have a peculiar tendency to ask atleast one question on the location of protected areas in India. More info. Opening and Closing Dates of Valley of Flowers. There are many scenic places in the world where you can see, nature blooms, waterfalls, small streams, etc but no other majestic place in the world like the Valley of Flower. Valley of Flowers Trek - Premium. This fee is entitled for a three day tour of the valley. (2004) Distribution pattern and conservation status of mammals and birds in the Valley of Flowers National Park and its vicinity, Uttaranchal. [17][18] In trampled areas where past livestock congregated, Himalayan knotweed Polygonum polystachium is a rampant weed. 92 Valley of Flowers National Park, Uttarakhand — famous for its outstanding natural beauty, endangered animals and endemic alpine flowers West Bengal 93 Bibhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary , West Bengal — also known as the Parmadan Forest, a safe haven for a healthy population of nearly 250 deer They also encompass a combined buffer zone separating them from the outside world. As snow starts melting by the end of May, new plants start germinating. International Book Distributors, Dehradun, India, Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, "ET Recommendations: 5 best places to enjoy monsoon, movie to watch, gadget to buy", Colonel Frank Smythe - Francis Sydney Smythe, "How Valley of Flowers got World Heritage Site tag", Pastoralism, plant conservation, and conflicts on proliferation of Himalayan knotweed in high altitude protected areas of the Western Himalaya. Browse through the best high quality 77 Valley Of Flowers National Park pictures to plan your trip. Decades later botanist Prof. Chandra Prakash Kala, deputed by the Wildlife Institute of India carried down a research on the conservation of the valley. [5] The Valley of Flowers has many different colourful flowers, taking on various shades of colours as time progressed. [2] The park lies completely in the temperate alpine zone. Recommended. The park is located on the flood plains of the Murti River and Raidak River. They were attracted to the beauty of the area and named it the "Valley of Flowers." The Valley of Flowers national park located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora.. Mesmerized by its virgin beauty, the Valley of Flowers was declared as a National Park of India in 1982. National Parks. Several have not been recorded outside of Uttarakhand. The valley has three sub-alpine between 3,200m and 3,500m which is the limit for trees, lower alpine between 3,500m and 3,700m, and higher alpine above 3,700m. A number of plant species are considered threatened. This region is blessed by a rich flora and fauna which covers a vast area of 87.50 sq kms of alpine flowers. Flora: Valley of flowers opens on 1st June every year and closes on 4th October, but the valley remained closed for public in 2013 after the floods in June 2013 till 4th October, 2014 as the trek between Ghangaria and Valley of Flowers was damaged. Save. Valley of Flowers National Park: Entire area is located within the Western Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA) Declared World Natural Heritage Site: Yes: 3: Nokrek: Meghalaya (part of Garo Hills) Ganol, Dareng and Simsang: Climate: Tropical- High humidity, Monsoon Rains, High Temperature. Known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers Valley of Flowers Trek - Premium. [12] Sub-alpine forests of birch and rhododendron cover parts of the park's area. Neora Valley National Park is situated in the Kalimpong district, West Bengal, India and was established in 1986. From there, one can easily drive to Joshimath and call it a day to start trekking from the next day. Ecology and Conservation of Alpine Meadows in the Valley of Flowers National Park, Garhwal Himalaya. Spanning over an area of 87.5 Sq. Valley of Flowers is a vibrant and splendid national park reposing in West Himalayas. Our most popular tours and activities. Er wurde 1988 ausgewiesen und zuletzt 2005 erweitert. Valley Of Flowers National Park photo gallery with latest images of Valley Of Flowers National Park. [1], Being an inner Himalayan valley, the Nanda Devi Basin has a distinctive micro-climate. With the habitat divided into valley bottom, river beds, small forests, meadows, plateaus and many more, the National Park is breathtaking to every traveler. [3], Prof. Chandra Prakash Kala, a botanist deputed by the Wildlife Institute of India, carried out a research study on the floristics and conservation of the valley for a decade, beginning in 1993. There are many scenic places in the world where you can see, nature blooms, waterfalls, small streams, etc but no other majestic place in the world like the Valley of Flower. This region has rolling forests and riverine grasslands, and is known as the Dooars in West Bengal. Other experiences in Uttarakhand. The bugyals (high-altitude meadows) of tall wildflowers in the Unesco World Heritage–listed Valley of Flowers are a glorious sight on a sunny day, rippling in the breeze, and framed by mighty 6000m mountains with glaciers and snow decorating their peaks year-round. Of these plants, 5 out of 6 species globally threatened are not found in Nanda Devi National Park or elsewhere in Uttarakhand: Aconitum falconeri, A. balfouri, Himalayan maple (Acer caesium), the blue Himalayan poppy (Meconopsis aculeata) and Saussurea atkinsoni. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks Uttaranchal. Other experiences in Uttarakhand. Nestled in the upper expanses of the Garhwal region in Uttarakhand is the Valley of flowers. This gem of nature's beauty is located in Chamoli district, about 4 km from Ghangharia village. There is no settlement in the national park and grazing in the area has been banned since 1983. Total area of the park is 87.50 Km 2. It has been recognized internationally for over a century and is referenced in the Hindu religion. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook. [20][21], Himalayan bell flower, Campanula latifolia, This article is about the national park in Uttrakhand. They are IUCN category II protected areas. Der Valley-of-Flowers-Nationalpark ist ein Schutzgebiet im indischen Bundesstaat Uttarakhand. Valley of Flowers ©BizareXpedition About Valley of Flower National Park. Quick View. Valley of Flowers National Park Trekking, Uttarakhand - travel guide with top places to visit, weather, best season, opening dates, route map & trip duration. A research nursery and seed/rhizome/tuber bank for propagating rare plants and valuable medicinal herbs has been created at Musadhar near the entrance of the site. Our most popular tours and activities. National parks wildlife sanctuaries in india name place famous for great himalayan national park himachal pradesh blue sheep snow leopard musk deer rajaji national park uttarakhand elephants tigers valley of flowers national park uttarakhand snow leopard flora corbett national park uttarakhand tigers dudhwa tiger reserve uttar pradesh tigers sariska national park rajashthan tigers. There are some states which we will cover in subsequent posts. Valley of Flowers National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Chamoli district of the state of Uttarakhand. Beautiful waterfalls, landscapes and meadow add more stars to the beauty of Valley of Flowers. Records of the Zoological. Valley of Flowers is one of the most beautiful national … Local people have also reported evidence of brown bear Ursus arctos and bharal or blue sheep Pseudois nayaur. A few of the more evident species are lime butterfly Papilio demoleus demoleus, common yellow swallowtail Papilio machaon, common Mormon Papilio polytes romulus, spangle Papilio protenor protenor and common blue apollo Parnassius hardwickei. Other experiences in Uttarakhand. This national park shares borders with Nepal and Tibet. Valley Of Flower is an Indian National Park, located in Chamoli district, in the state of Uttarakhand and the Valley of Flower discovered by British Mountaineer, Frank Smythe, In 1931. Kala from 1993 onward concludes that the Valley of Flowers endows with 520 species of higher plants (angiosperms, gymnosperms and pteridophytes), of these 498 are flowering plants. Find travel ideas, hotel and destination details to plan your Indian holiday. Important for the exam...This list of National Parks in India are often asked in Competitive Exams UPSC SSC BPSC A first annual survey was conducted in 2004 and will be repeated annually. Kms, the Valley of Flower was declared a National Park in the year 1982. What are National Parks? The area is relatively poor in reptiles: most often seen are the high altitude lizard Agama tuberculata, Himalayan ground skink Leiolopisma himalayana and Himalayan pit viper Gloydius himalayanus. Both of them posses two core areas which are about 20km apart. Unsere beliebtesten Touren und Aktivitäten. The Valley of Flowers in general is divided into three sub-alpine vegetation. Characteristic of the sub-alpine zone are high altitude forests which help to retain moisture and snow and support a large number of floral and faunal communities. www.gradeup.co 1 List of National Parks in India Protected areas of India • These are defined according to the guidelines prescribed by IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature). After adjoining valley of flowers nanda devi national park turns into NANDA DEVI BIOSPHERE RESERVE i.e. Statements of authenticity and/or integrity. The Valley of Flowers was declared a National Park in 1982, it is a UNESCO site world heritage site & best Trekking & Nature Destinations in India The rich diversity of species reflects the valley's location within a transition zone between the Zanskar and Great Himalayas ranges to the north and south, respectively, and between the Eastern Himalaya and Western Himalaya flora. Overview. The entire Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve lies within the Western Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA). In 1982 the valley was included in national parks in India. The town of Joshimath has several accommodation options which offer the tourists with all the comfort facilities. This lush region is also home to some rare and endangered animal species. If you wish to spot more animals, prefer taking an early morning safari as animals tend to begin their day earlier than we do. Nestled in Uttarakhand, this alluring place is famous for its charming meadows of alpine flowers. Valley of Flowers National Park. National Parks. [6], The Valley of Flowers has gained importance as a region containing a diversity of alpine flora, representative of the Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows ecoregion. [1], The valley has three sub-alpine between 3,200 m and 3,500 m which is the limit for trees, lower alpine between 3,500 m and 3,700 m, and higher alpine above 3,700 m. The habitats include valley bottom, river bed, small forests, meadows, eroded, scrubby and stable slopes, moraine, plateau, bogs, stone desert and caves. The three mountaineers lost their way while coming back from an expedition to Mount Kamet which later on culminated them to this valley. [1][6] The best time to visit is between July and early September, when the valley is full of flowers, just after the outbreak of monsoon. It is declared as a national park in 1980 and in 1982, the park renamed as Nanda Devi National Park and now it is a World Heritage Site.. The Valley of Flowers National Park is the second core zone of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. Get the full experience and book a tour. Endowed with a diverse range of endemic flora, it is picturesque in its beauty. This richly diverse area is also home to rare and endangered animals, including the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, brown bear, red fox and blue sheep. Flowers mostly orchids, poppies, primulas, marigold, daisies and anemones carpet the ground. The park has many species of medicinal plants including Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Picrorhiza kurrooa, Aconitum violaceum, Polygonatum multiflorum, Fritillaria roylei and Podophyllum hexandrum. in Valley of Flowers & Hem Kund Trek. This division has been brought down by the pristine water of Pushpawati river which flows across the valley. 600 or $12 for foreign nationals. Weitere Erlebnisse in Uttarakhand. The Valley Of Flowers National Park remains open till 5 PM, but the entry is allowed only till 2 PM. 1862: The Pushpawati Valley was discovered by Col. Edmund Smyth; 1931: The valley visited by the climber Frank S. Smythe who wrote a book publicising the "Valley of Flowers"; 1934: The upper Nanda Devi Sanctuary was reached and described by mountaineers Eric Shipton & Bill Tilman; 1936: Mountaineers Bill Tilman & Noel Odell climbed Nanda Devi; 1939: The basin established as the Nanda Devi Game Sanctuary by Government Order 1493/XIV- 28 of 7/01; 1962: Border disputes closed the area to traffic, altering the local economy;[citation needed]. The problem for aspirants is the humongous number of these Protected areas in the country. It gained importance as an area containing alphine flora and fauna in a single area. Valley Of Flower . In his research study, he made an inventory of 520 alpine plants that grows in the valley. 288 Reviews #12 of 554 things to do in Uttarakhand. These include Aconitum heterophyllum, A. falconeri, Arnebia benthamii, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Gymnadenia orchides, Megacarpaea polyandra, Picrorhiza kurrooa, Podophyllum hexandrum and Taxus wallichiana. Valley of Flowers National Park. English: Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park in the Himalayan area in Uttarakhand, India. The Valley of Flowers National Park is the second core zone of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. 1974-82: The sanctuary was opened to mountaineering, but the ensuing degradation led to its closure to all users; 1980: The park was established as Sanjay Gandhi National Park by Notification 3912/ XIV 3-35-80; grazing and mountaineering stopped; 1980: The Valley of Flowers was declared a national park by Government Order 4278/XIV-3-66-80 under the provisions of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, for the conservation of its flora; 1982: The park was renamed Nanda Devi National Park; 1988: The Nanda Devi National Biosphere Reserve established (223,674 ha) with the national park as core zone (62,462 ha) and a 514,857 ha buffer area surrounding both sites; restrictions were imposed on the rights of nearby villagers; 2000: The Biosphere Reserve extended by the government to 586,069 ha and the Valley of Flowers National Park was added as the second core zone (62,462 ha+ 8,750 ha, totalling core areas of 71,212 ha); 2004: The two core zones and buffer zone designated a UNESCO MAB reserve. Together with Nanda Devi National Park, it forms part of the Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks World Heritage Site. Empfohlen. Nationalparks. It is spread over an area of around 88 km². Conditions are generally dry with low annual precipitation, but there is heavy monsoon rainfall from late June to early September. The place was little known to the outside world due to its inaccessibility. [19] The common leopard Panthera pardus is reported from lower parts of the valley closer to the villages. Seven restricted-range bird species are endemic to this part of the EBA. British mountaineer Frank Smythe stumbled upon the Valley of Flowers in 1931. It spreads over an area of 88 km² and is one of the richest biological zones in the entire Eastern India. 194,88 $ pro Erwachsenem. At present, the valley enjoys the privileges of a UNESCO world heritage site. Valley of Flowers National Park: A three-day pass can be made for the Valley of Flowers, the entry fee for which is Rs. 10-15, Bombay Natural History Society. The Valley of Flowers is famous for its outstanding natural beauty, endangered animals and endemic alpine flowers. More info. Also check out Top 5 Reasons You Should Visit Valley of Flowers National park, 5 Best Parks in Delhi for Couples to Romance, Top Tourist Places to Visit in India in June & July, Top 10 Forts in India : The Living Legends, Jhansi Fort - A True Symbol of Bravery and Honor. 92 Valley of Flowers National Park, Uttarakhand — famous for its outstanding natural beauty, endangered animals and endemic alpine flowers West Bengal 93 Bibhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary , West Bengal — also known as the Parmadan Forest, a safe haven for a healthy population of nearly 250 deer Das Areal wird durch industrielle Aktivitäten bedroht. The Valley of Flowers is a high-altitude Himalayan valley that has long been acknowledged by renowned mountaineers, botanists, and in literature. Your complete travel guide to India. Geography of Silent Valley National Park.Dominant flora and fauna of Silent Valley National Park.How to Reach Silent Valley National Park.. ANS- (d) textile fibre 2 . Status survey report of fauna: Nanda Devi National Park. Fascinated by the beauty, they decided to name the area as the valley of flowers. Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, located in North Chamoli and Pithoragarh, in the state of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora. Popular List of National Parks in India upsc. Silent Valley National Park complete detail – updated. The inland of the region comprises Nanda Devi Biosphere reserve along with the flower valley. 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