2:496. The noble maple is a striking tree with well over one hundred species. If you’re looking for fast shade, try a silver maple (A. saccharinum, USDA zones 3 through 9). Brown. Check the leaves. Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. Soft Maple, on the other hand, is derived from several different variations of the maple species and go by names such as Red Maple (Acer rebrum) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum). In other words, Hard Maple lumber is cut from the outer ring of the tree, therefore bigger sap areas are preferred by lumber mills and timber buyers. The silver maple (A. saccarinum) lives an average of 100 years, sometimes stretching to 125. Setting aside whether or not a log could sell as veneer, in general, the smaller the heartwood of a Hard Maple tree, the more valuable it is. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 1 1 … Not only Maple trees, but also some species of Birch trees can be tapped for syrup. Maple trees make their homes in various forests, reserves, and yards across the globe, most frequently in North America, Europe and eastern Asia. It takes 110 gallons of Birch sap to produce 1 gallon of Birch syrup. How hard is Maple … Hard maple ranks 1,450, while red oak ranks 1,290. It is found growing in Manitoba and Newfoundland to Florida and even as far as East Texas. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. Next, add a few drops of water to the growing material, then put the maple seeds in the bag and seal it shut. Maple trees are known for their brilliant fall color as well as the ease with which they “bleed” sap. St. Bonaventure University notes that this tree grows three to seven feet each year. It will be quite happy in locations from southern Pennsylvania down into Georgia and even in … Red maples (Acer rubrum) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. and tolerate warmer conditions than many maple types, being hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9.The tree quickly reaches a mature height of 75-feet and makes an attractive shade or specimen tree. What is the value of this hard maple burl? Resistant to air pollution, trident maple is a good choice for street-side plantings. Due to its habit of forming surface roots, plant the tree away from house foundations or sidewalks. If the tree is still standing and yet to be harvested, take a look at its leaves. Buried stems can also produce roots for new trees. Not only are they great trees for shade, but they also produce a wonderful tasting sap. Hard Maple. VEGETATIVE REPRODUCTION If the tree is damaged or cut down, buds that normally lie dormant will sprout and grow rapidly. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. Hard maple trees have bark that develops deep furrows as the tree ages. In the fall, this variety of maple tree's bright green lobed foliage changes to deep scarlet and orange. Add in the countless cultivars available and differing growth habit due to site conditions, and the task can seem downright impossible. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Acer saccharum, Acer nigrum Other Names: Sugar maple, black maple. Hard Maple will tend to have growth rings more closely together due to its longer growing cycles. These trees grow to be about 50 feet tall and turn red and orange in the fall. The ash-leaved maple, or box elder, is a fast-growing tree of limited landscape use. The maple tree is a member of a group of 200 species of trees and shrubs worldwide that belong to the Acer family. A longtime favorite, the maple tree can produce tremendous foliage in the autumn season, and a large canopy of shade in the summer. Likewise, it is not a soft maple. The Red Maple Tree. The Noray maple is an incredibly hardy tree, thriving well in zones 4 to 8. Vibrant color and rich reds are synonymous with the American Red Maple Tree. Light yellowish Because of this, this tree is only suitable for locations in USDA plant hardiness zones 6 through 8 . With about 128 species, each tree has a serene beauty of its own. The Freeman maple is a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, combining the fast growth of silver maple with the less brittle wood. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Maple Tree Types. Hard Maple is commonly referred to as Sugar Maple. 1. The species’ tendency to lose sap from wounds makes gardeners question the wisdom of pruning maple trees. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 4 of 4 Posts ... 2012. It all comes from the same tree: hard maple, rock maple, sugar maple, brown maple, white maple. It grows faster than Norway or sugar maple, but considerably slower than silver maple, making it a better choice in urban landscaping. With over a hundred species and nearly as many subspecies, maple tree identification can be tricky. Basal canker – This maple fungus attacks the base of the tree and rots away the bark and wood beneath. This is a much more serious disease that affects all kinds of maples, but Sugar Maple and Silver Maple are the ones most commonly affected. If the tree has yet to be harvested, check its leaves. The red maple tree (Acer rubrum) lives an average of 130 years but may survive as long as 300 years. A Hard Maple leaf will have U-shaped valleys, called … Famous for its Brilliant, Easy-Growing Foliage Why American Red Maple Trees? Maple Tree Tar Spot. The acer saccharum to be most specific.. That species name, saccharum, is Latin for sugar. Plant this red maple tree in … The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. They are known for the beautiful, unequally-shaped leaves that make any landscape come alive. Some of the most popular species of hardwoods are oak, maple, hickory, walnut, and cherry trees. Vol. Hardwood trees represent a group of trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut, are mostly deciduous and go dormant in the winter. To germinate maple tree seeds, try the cold stratification approach by first filling a plastic bag with growing materials such as peat moss, vermiculite, or germination paper. Maple … Maple is a type of shedding tree that is planted as an ornamental tree for outdoor landscaping. 3 vols. The Red Maple truly earns its name, with its red flowers in early spring, red twigs of new growth, and spectacular red leaves in fall. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. The Japanese Maple is a finicky tree and prefers a relatively stable climate all year round. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. A tree typically has to be 40 years old to be big enough to tap for maple syrup. It takes 40 gallons of Maple sap to make 1 gallon of Maple syrup. It is a cold-weather tree favoring a more northerly climate. Making up the Aceracaeae family, these lovely trees are found throughout the world, though tend to prefer relatively temperate climates. Sugar maple is a deciduous tree that can grow to a height of 50 to 130 feet. Fortunately, it is not as hard as you might think. The sugar maple (A. saccharum) enjoys an exceptionally long lifespan ranging from 300 to 400 years. The most common hard maple is the sugar or rock maple. Bleeding canker – This maple tree disease causes the bark to appear wet and is often accompanied by some bark coming away from the maple tree trunk, especially lower down on the trunk of the tree. maple will produce a heavy crop of seeds every 7 years but most years produce seeds. 1913. WOOD Heavy, hard, and strong, the sugar maple is a viable Canadian hardwood. Hard maple is a wonderful, expensive, nearly white wood used for almost every application imaginable both today and even prior to the colonization of the U.S. It also does well in cities, handling stressors like air pollution that might stunt and kill other trees. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. Silver maple is closely related to the red maple and can hybridize with it, the hybrid being known as the Freeman maple (Acer x freemanii). DISTRIBUTION Eastern U.S., mainly Mid-Atlantic and Lake states. punctatum. Hard maple is defined as sugar maple and black maple only. Maple trees are easy to take care of and maintain. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. Sugar Maple (Rock Maple, Hard Maple) Fact Sheet USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Appearance. Red Maple. Hardwoods are used for … Maple trees are popular because they are cold resistant and can grow extremely fast. The tree in the backyard that blazes with red, orange and yellow foliage in autumn is most likely a maple. Also note the spacing between the growth rings. Red maple (Acer rubrum) is a native tree in eastern and north-central U.S. and a member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry) family.The U.S. Forest Service has identified red maple as the most prevalent tree in the eastern U.S. I did a walk thru on a lot clearing job with a tree service today. All maples are hardwoods but the species found in America are further classified as hard or soft maples. Acer rubrum or red maple is the most common tree with beautiful, bright scarlet leaves, is found all over the east coast of America. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. Hard maple, with its interlocked, tight grain pattern, resists cracking along grain lines, which also influences water penetration. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.