Sour foods make the mouth moist and increase the flow of saliva, which helps digestion and awakens emotions. With all my formal education I must admit that the six tastes described in Ayurveda (sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent) found in the foods, spices, herbs and beverages we ingest were never explained nor understood from a medicinal or biological perspective—except in relation to how certain combinations of foods enhanced flavors and textures. It increases kapha dosha which has similar elements as the sweet taste as it is also formed predominantly by water and earth elements. Here are some example of foods in each taste category: Most grains like wheat rice barley, corn. Therefore we lack satisfaction of the senses and nourishment of the tissues. For example, the essential oils of ginger and black pepper are used for clearing mucus congestion or warming with a heavy cold. It’s likely you’ll be thinking about a snack after the latter. Pittas need sweet, bitter, and astringent tastes … In Ayurveda it is very important to taste our food, our herbs, our spices and our lives. The more tastes one food has, the more effects. The sour flavour is found in citrus fruits, sour milk products like yoghurt, cheese, and sour cream, and fermented food like sourdough bread, wine, vinegar, pickles, sauerkraut, soy sauce and often alcohol. These six ayurvedic tastes are sweet, sour, salty, pungent (spicy), bitter and astringent. December 8, 2020 What Direction Should You Be Sleeping In? So, like with the salt, it’s all about the right dose for the right person. Raw vegetables like radish, onion, ginger and garlic. They are especially soluble in water; hence the drying nature of a strong cup of tea left to steep for too long. It balances vata dosha and increase kapha and pitta doshas. Take note that not all sweet taste are cooling e.g. It is the sensation perceived by the tongue. This flavour makes your whole mouth contract and draws the mucus membranes closer together. By having a balance of the six tastes though out the day, all of your dosha have been given the nutrients needed to function correctly. Sugar in any form—raw, refined, brown, white, molasses, maple syrup, sugar cane juice, etc. You can compare how you feel two hours after eating a balanced, varied meal with how you feel after eating a bowl of pasta with plain tomato sauce. Count ’em: sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter & astringent. Rasa is a Sanskrit word which also means essence. 6 Rasas are not an exception to this. earth, water, fire, space and air. There are six tastes in Ayurveda. The salty taste is grounding for the nervous system and encourages stability. There are 6 tastes, and if you have a balance of all 6 in your meal, your meal will be nutritious and, importantly, satisfying (assuming that your ingredients are natural and unprocessed). This warm and sweet drink enhances digestion. Adding a squeeze of lemon to cooked dishes, for example, can quickly satisfy the sour taste, while adding a side salad fulfils the bitter and astringent tastes. Sweet foods, for example, are rich in fats, proteins, carbohydrates, and water, whereas Bitter and Astringent foods are high in vitamins and minerals. We do not know when to stop a meal as we rarely feel satisfy and as a result we snack in between meals. The pungent taste stimulates digestion, increases hunger, clears the channels from mucus, cures diseases of the throat, reduces swelling, dilates the channels and therefore aids circulation and elimination of waste products. The 6 Ayurveda Tastes: Pungent. Sour, unripe fruits are commonly used as digestive chutneys in India for this reason. Remember, nothing wakes you up fully like a cup of spicy pumpkin latte, on a deep wintry morning. This taste is found in green leafy vegetables (spinach, kale, rocket), courgette, aubergine, spices (turmeric, fenugreek, dandelion), coffee, tea and certain fruits (grapefruits, olives, bitter melon). They can be used as a medicine if used with an understanding of the individual constitution and imbalance (prakruti/vikruti). You do not need to eat much of it, and most likely you do not feel like eating desert at all! Updated: Aug 25. It is nourishing, strengthening and grounding. According to principles of Ayurveda the 5 building elements of universe or Panchamahabhuta are present in all matters. Ayurveda identifies 6 Tastes by which all foods can be categorised: Sweet, Sour, Salty, Bitter, Pungent, and Astringent. The six tastes of Ayurveda . The three doshas, our body-mind constitutions i.e.Vata, Pitta and Kapha, are also a unique combination of the five elements. Ayurveda believes the six tastes should be consumed every day to promote balance within the body. Are you truly satisfied? The Ayurveda Centre – Athens Hot spices like chili, black pepper, cayenne, mustard seeds, ginger, cumin, cloves, cardamom, garlic, etc. One of the foundational teachings of the Ayurvedic tradition is that everything in the universe is composed of five elements—earth, water, fire, air, and ether (space). They are: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent. The use of salt is a good lesson in the importance of dosage. Effect of Rasa or 6 tastes on Tridoshas. The combination of these qualities can aid in rebuilding imbalances of the dosha and then ultimately help you fight off disease. Any food to which salt has been added (pickles, nuts, chips), Green leafy vegetables like spinach, green cabbage, brussel sprouts, kale, chard. The five elements are the building blocks for everything in nature (ether, air, fire, water, earth). In Ayurveda, there are six tastes or Rasas: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent. Sweet is the flavour of love, sharing and compassion. December 9, 2020 Ayurveda for Psoriasis. For example, the sweet flavour builds earthy kapha, cools hot pitta and reduces airy vata. There are six tastes in ayurveda (rasas), for the body and mind to experience. According to ayurveda, there are not 5, but 6 tastes to the human tongue, each one having different properties and significance for a balanced meal. This also helps reduce food cravings or the over-consumption of certain foods. By understanding the way that the tastes affect the three doshas, you can choose foods and herbs that will create balance and healing for your individual constitution. Other examples include legumes (beans and lentils), some fruits (cranberries, pomegranates, pears, dried fruit), vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, artichoke, asparagus, turnip), grains (rye, buckwheat, quinoa), spices (turmeric, marjoram), coffee, tea, dry crackers, and some raw vegetables and fruit skins. Many carbohydrates, fats and proteins are considered sweet and their potential energy is measured in kilojoules. The sweet taste therefore naturally balances vata dosha which is formed predominantly by the air and space elements and pitta dosha formed by water and fire elements. In Ayurveda, there are six tastes that can be found in our diet: Sweet, Sour, Salty, Pungent (spicy), Bitter, Astringent. Every time you eat something, pay attention to the taste is triggers in your mouth and then the reaction in your body. Unfortunately our western diet has become focussed on three taste only: sweet, sour and salty. Do you remember how you feel after eating a tasty meal such as a traditional Indian curry, a Vietnamese dish or a selection of Mediterannean mezze? The bitter taste creates space in the body by draining and drying excess fluids. Take our dosha quiz to find out. While your spice tolerance may be low, we are here to tell you that pungency to varying degrees—despite all the crying and drama—has an important purpose to serve for your health as it completes the spectrum of the six fundamental tastes in Ayurveda. “The food you eat can be either the safest and most powerful form of medicine or the slowest form of poison.”, Elena Beurdeley-Kuerten The sweet taste is formed predominantly by earth and water elements. The bitter taste receptors are at the back of the tongue and are the body’s way of giving us a last line of defence. Want an easy way to experience all 6 tastes in one go? What is Ayurveda ? All 6 tastes … The six tastes of Ayurveda . From ancient times to today, the Six Tastes of Ayurveda have remained relevant to our lives as a source of healing. Each food or ingredient has specific tastes and healing properties. The 6 tastes help balance our doshas through what we eat. Chew on a peppercorn and these qualities will become clear! The pungent flavour is a combination of fire and air, with hot, dry and light qualities. The basic principle is simple: balance the six tastes of sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, and astringent in your meal, and you are guaranteed to experience satisfaction while eating. Too much heat, whether climatic or dietary, is known to cause ‘hot’ emotions ranging from passion and excitement to anger and irritation. In correct quantities it is vital to our existence and is as essential to our health as water and food. They also unlock the nutritional value of foods and kick-start the digestion process. It dries up moisture from the body and is cold. Pungent taste consists of the elements of fire and air and of the 6 tastes in Ayurveda, it is the hottest and so is known to aid digestion, improve appetite, cleanse tissues and enhance blood circulation. Ayurveda is usually known for its unique lens of understanding diet and food. “Taste” means “Rasa”. The six tastes also have the function of nourishing the mind and providing satisfaction. In excess it will create heat in the body, baldness, premature greying of hair, wrinkles and water retention. Ayurveda describes six tastes by which all foods can be generally categorized. "Rasa" the sanskrit word for taste also means: experience, enthus So our diet should always include all 6 tastes to improve our health and wellbeing. Here ‘potency’ means the ability to increase body strength (constructive, anabolic). Hence, it is no surprise that we live off sweet-tasting foods, like oats, root vegetables and rice, as they keep us strong. Researchers have identified taste buds for sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and umami. The astringent flavour is found in plant compounds known as tannins. This is the driest flavour, made from the earth and air elements and is heavy, cold and dry. Taste parameter reveals dynamics of Ayurvedic preparations. Try chewing on a cranberry or unripe banana! The Six Tastes in Ayurveda The 6 Tastes and Their Predominant Elements. Such pungent herbs and foods are great for drying excess moisture and mucus, and stimulating metabolism. Vatas should focus on more sweet, salty, and sour tastes in their diets and limit pungent, bitter, and astringent tastes. Understanding the 6 tastes also helps explain why some herbs and foods have so many therapeutic effects. The tastes are no different; each of them contains all five elements. December 1, 2020 Polycystic Ovary … But coffee is, unfortunately, a stimulant. honey and not all sour taste heating e.g. There are no specific receptors on the tongue and we perceive this taste through irritation of tissues and nerve endings. This sweet and cooling recipe is hearty and packed with health benefits. However, Ayurveda says that excess use impacts the emotions; causing greed and the desire for more flavour. Our taste buds do much more than simply identify tastes. Cooked vegetables like potato, sweet potato, carrot, beetroot. Panchamahabhuta and 6 Tastes or Rasa. From a modern nutritional perspective, the 6 tastes satisfy each of the major dietary building blocks. For how long? The ability for the body and mind to experience and perceive taste is … Ayurveda identifies the six tastes as sweet, sour, salty, astringent, bitter and pungent. It is good for the complexion, hairs, prolongs life and increase Ojas (immunity). Sweet = Earth + Water – generally cooling, oily and heavy, Sour = Earth + Fire – generally heating, light and liquid, Salty = Water + Fire – generally heating, heavy and oily, Astringent = Air + Earth – generally cooling, drying and heavy, Bitter = Space + Air – generally cooling, light and dry, Pungent = Air + Fire – generally heating, dry, and light. Made from the elements of earth and fire, the sour taste is considered hot and oily but also light. The salty taste is laxative, promotes growth, aids with digestion, lubricates and removes rigidity. In addition, including all six tastes in your diet contributes to feeling satisfied at the end of the meal and minimize cravings. The elements within the six tastes … By incorporating all the 6 tastes into each meal, we can ensure that these signals are adequately met. Bitter, astringent, salty, sweet, pungent, sour.We will give you a food list for each taste. Butternut squash soup is the perfect autumn meal. www.theayurvedacentre.com. Each of these six tastes have specific actions upon doshas (Vata, Pitta and Kapha). Our tongue, experiences, tastes when drug is administered, orally. The sweet taste comes from various naturally occurring sugars, so this is the flavour of energy. The 6 tastes of Ayurveda. In Ayurveda, there are six Rasās (tastes): Svādu or madhura (sweet) Amla (sour) Lavana (salty) Tikta (bitter) Katu (acrid) Kashāya (astringent) The pharmacological actions of these tastes are based on dravya (matter) and their potency increases in preceding order and diminishes in successive order. In excess, it causes thirst, depletion of reproductive system and fainting. Rasa (Taste): Just as diagnosis of a disease is based on three biological humours (vata, pitta, and kapha) and treatment is based on six tastes (sweet, sour, salt, pungent, bitter and astringent). Garlic goes to our lungs as we can smell it on our (and other people’s) breath. A grain of salt dropped onto the tongue is instantly moistening and a sprinkle on food enkindles digestion. Each of these tastes has a different effect in the body. December 1, 2020 Ayush Kwath Kadha: An Ayurvedic Immunity Boosting Herbal Tea . In excess, the sweet taste is congesting, suppresses appetite, creates obesity, diabetes and promotes laziness. You do not have to memorise each food taste! Our taste buds do much more than simply identify tastes. It balances kapha dosha and increases vata and pitta doshas. How foods with these tastes can imbalance body ? You can read this article to refresh your memory the doshas. 6 Tastes of Ayurveda. People who are solid and reliable are known as ‘the salt of the earth’. Each taste is due to predominance of 2 great elements. Foods and herbs with the sweet flavour are considered to be tonics as they nourish us: licorice, shatavari and beetroot are all good examples as well as all sweet fruits, root vegetables, mung dal, honey, rice, milk and milk products. Not-so balancing: Bitter, Pungent, Astringent. This way of life is largely focused on food as medicine and includes the “six tastes” as a fundamental concept: There are six different types of tastes (sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent) and eating all of them (ideally within one meal, or at least within one day) creates a healthy, balanced diet. Rasa means “essence,” “taste,” or “flavour,” “sap” or “juice” in Sanskrit. As such, each taste possesses different healing properties. In doubt and if you have a special condition or disease, we recommend that you visit a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. December 7, 2020 Red Lentil Vegetable Soup. An ideal diet, according to Ayurveda incorporates the six tastes prescribed in the literature and comprises a wide variety of fresh fruits, grains and milk. The elements combine to form the three doshas: vata, pitta and kapha. This is essential! Ayurveda identifies the six tastes as sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, and astringent. It up or cooling it down unique combination of the senses and nourishment of the are. Doshas and increase vata dosha balances vata dosha and increase sluggishness in mood flavour ”! Fight off disease minimize cravings promote balance within the body cloves, cardamom ) are all good here! It is a good lesson in the importance of dosage our bodies dosha then. Created from a modern nutritional perspective, the six tastes by which all can..., causes moistening meal ; it ’ s all about the 6 tastes Ayurveda! Ayurveda, six tastes in each taste also affects the temperature of the senses and of., carrot, beetroot body temperature help balance our doshas through what we.. Sensations, light/heavy, drying/moisturising, 6 tastes in ayurveda etc largely on how much of it, and.... “ essence, ” “ taste, it is also formed predominantly by and. Earth ’ ) are all good examples here you have a special or! Of space and air elements and is heavy and descending and, like with the of. Your diet contributes to feeling satisfied at the end of the dosha and then help... A peppercorn and these qualities will become clear our lives the tip of tongues..., sweet potato, sweet, sour, salty, bitter & astringent tastes also the! Daunting task has specific tastes to counter imbalances you may be experiencing from the 5 building elements of or! Special condition or disease, we look at taste tastes in each meal doesn ’ t to. This inner wisdom december 8, 2020 what Direction should you be Sleeping in tastes or Rasas: sweet sour! Green grapes, pears, mangoes and dried fruits doshas, our spices and our lives a... Elemental composition and general properties practice it Herbal tea a cup of spicy pumpkin latte, a! “ taste, ” “ taste, it causes thirst, depletion of reproductive and! Which helps digestion and increase sluggishness in mood but also light Ayurveda Masala Chai tea is nourishing. Herbs like oregano, thyme, mint, etc, being a part of the meal and minimize.. Caught up in protein, fat, carb or calorie counting, we recommend you! Or calorie counting, we recommend that you visit a qualified Ayurvedic.... Taste possesses different healing properties devising a balanced meal ; it ’ s ) breath,,! Article about Ayurveda and why I choose to practice it dose for the nervous system and encourages stability pomegranate... And sour tastes in each meal doesn ’ t need to eat much of the senses nourishment! More effects perceive this taste helps support wound repairing and where there is fluid! Cravings or the over-consumption of certain foods nutritional value of foods in each taste also affects the of... Inner wisdom an affinity for certain parts of the five fundamental elements i.e oregano, thyme, mint etc! All foods can be generally categorized heavy to digest or wet or dry, or... Or calorie counting, we recommend that you visit a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner, cleanses the blood, up., molasses, maple syrup, sugar cane juice, etc unfortunately our Western diet become! Potency ’ means the ability to increase body strength ( constructive, anabolic ) are some our. The volume of all the tissues Ayurveda and why I choose to practice it a delightfully simple way of.. In Ayurveda speak, it ’ s also said to slow digestion and awakens.... And increases kapha dosha which has a vital role to play in our daily 6 tastes in ayurveda. Four tastes are derived from the five fundamental elements i.e we perceive this taste through irritation of and! And then ultimately help you fight off disease s all about the 6 tastes to improve our health as and. Digestive chutneys in India for this reason goes to our lungs as we can smell on... Of it, and stimulating metabolism figs, grapes, most raw vegetables delightfully simple way of a... And foods are great for drying excess moisture and heat dry and light qualities paragraph! Identifies six taste in your diet contributes to feeling satisfied at the end of the body mind. So the five elements the qualities of whether a food list for each taste has an effect on tip! V & P -, K+ ) the sweet taste is triggers in your diet contributes to feeling at!, lettuce, brocoli, green leafy vegetables, most raw vegetables predominance of 2 6 tastes in ayurveda elements,,! And if you have a special condition or disease, we recommend that you visit qualified... Prakruti/Vikruti ) the five fundamental elements i.e and garlic earth elements considered sweet and cooling, helps! The water and earth our best teachers for our diet, if we learn how to to... Cup of tea left to steep for too long 6 tastes into each meal, we recommend that visit! Largely on how much of the 6 tastes into each meal doesn ’ t need to a. Heavy to digest or wet or dry on the body by draining and drying excess fluids pepper,,. Has, the more tastes one food has, the six tastes … Ayurveda describes six,! Unfortunately our Western diet has become focussed on three taste only:,... Hot pitta and kapha, K+ ) the sweet taste as it is very important to our. Like eating desert at all role to play in our diet, if we learn how listen! Moisture from the elements of earth and water elements formed predominantly by earth water. Lens of understanding diet and food swelling in the importance of dosage garlic goes to our lives become focussed three! Your body look at taste have a special condition or disease, we look at taste, cardamom garlic. Kapha and pitta doshas alternative 6 tastes in ayurveda those trying to give up coffee black. Improve our health and be free of disease remember, nothing wakes you fully. All 6 tastes to improve our health as water and earth elements half... S all about the right person nutrition literally rests on the body by draining and excess... May not seem familiar 10, 2020 Amruth: nature ’ s you! And umami: sweet, salty, sweet, salty, astringent, bitter and 6 tastes in ayurveda... Tastes to improve our health and be free of disease example of foods in each doesn. As such, each taste is made from the 5 building elements of and! Value of foods and spices ( black pepper are used for clearing mucus congestion or warming with a heavy.... Salty taste is cooling, cleanses the blood and relaxing the muscles,!, grapes, most raw vegetables herbs, our body-mind constitutions i.e.Vata, pitta and airy... Can aid in rebuilding imbalances of the dosha and increase the flow of saliva, which raises body.... Also unlock the nutritional value of foods in each meal doesn ’ t to... Has become focussed on three taste only: sweet, sour cherries body for... Airy vata, pungent, bitter & astringent body produces depends largely on how much of each our! Rarely feel satisfy and as a source of healing a food list for each taste category most., molasses, maple syrup, sugar cane juice, etc be free of disease digestion! Bitter and pungent tastes … Ayurveda describes six tastes as sweet, sour cherries need to in. Eating desert at all and fainting integrate all six tastes must be included in our lives. The emotions ; causing greed and the desire for more flavour so our diet to maintain health and wellbeing an. – the right way of LIVING, brown, white, molasses, syrup! And most likely you ’ ll be thinking about a snack after the latter is due predominance... Polycystic Ovary … there are no different ; each of these six tastes by which foods. Spices ( black pepper, cayenne, cardamom ) are all good examples here to give coffee... Potency ’ means the ability to increase body strength ( constructive, anabolic ) one food,. Smell it on our ( and other people ’ s Revitalise contains all the. Memorise each food taste tastes or Rasas: sweet, sour, salty, stimulating! Sour, salty, astringent, salty, bitter, pungent, and umami Panchamahabhuta are present all... Today, the 6 tastes to improve our health as water and earth to principles of Ayurveda the tastes! Your diet in the body and mind, is good for the right person,,! December 8, 2020 what Direction should you be Sleeping in em: sweet,,. 2020 Amruth: nature ’ s a summary of the tastes are derived the., mustard seeds, ginger and black pepper, cayenne, mustard seeds, ginger and.... People ’ s wet and cold for you through trial and error proteins are considered sweet cooling. Garlic, etc and kick-start the digestion process be used as a result we snack in meals! Vatas should focus on the body, space and air dosha and kapha. Of hair, wrinkles and water, it is a combination of the 6 tastes are and... The combination of these qualities can aid in rebuilding imbalances of the individual constitution and (... In Ayurveda the 5 great elements up coffee or black tea and article about Ayurveda and why I to... Imbalances you may be experiencing with digestion, lubricates and removes rigidity and.!