3 Comments brett on July 15, 2020 at 10:48 pm. Let’s say you have an online store and you’d like to showcase your latest products in a product catalog on your website. A lot of people are talking about GraphQL as an alternative to REST when talking to a back-end API. GraphQL vs.REST pros and cons for microservices architecture GraphQL vs. REST pros and cons. GraphQL vs. REST. Let's say you have an API to fetch a user's profile and their address. Check out this article to learn more about why developers love GraphQL. GraphQL vs REST | What are the differences? Doch was genau können diese wirklich? In diesem Fall kann YouTube Cookies setzen, auf welche wir keinen Einfluss haben. The reason why we might use GraphQL over SQL is the same reason why we might use REST over GraphQL. GraphQL vs. REST. The main GraphQL quality is being less loquacious than traditional REST API. RPC functions on contracts, the negotiation is defined by the relationship between the server and the client not by the architecture. Both GraphQL and REST are methods of communicating data across web services. Diese zahlt sich wiederum insbesondere für Nutzer mobiler Geräte aus, denen oft nur leistungsschwächere Internetverbindungen zur Verfügung stehen. Für eine einfache GraphQL-Beispiel-Schnittstelle, die lediglich die Nachricht „Hallo Welt!“ ausgibt, sähe der passende Code in der zu diesem Zweck angelegten Datei server.js folgendermaßen aus: Führen Sie diesen Code nun mit Node.js aus, indem Sie den Befehl. Zu diesem Zweck implementieren Sie das Express-Modul und nutzen die express-graphql-Bibliothek, um den API-Server am HTTP-Endpunkt „/graphql“ einzubinden: Wie im vorigen GraphQL-Beispiel öffnen Sie die server.js-Datei nun mit Node.js – mit dem Unterschied, dass Sie dieses Mal nicht eine einfache Abfrage ausführen, sondern Ihren API-Server starten: Im Code des GraphQL-Express-Servers sind nicht nur Schema und Root-API spezifiziert, sondern es ist auch der HTTP-Endpunkt „/graphql“ aufgeführt. … Anwendungen im Web nutzen APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), um Daten auszutauschen und weiterzuverarbeiten. GraphQL vs REST comparison. 2015 machte Facebook den GraphQL-Quellcode frei verfügbar – zu diesem Zeitpunkt regelte er fast schon den gesamten Datenzugriff der mobilen Apps. Der Representational State Transfer (REST), ein Paradigma, das bereits im Jahr 2000... REST (Representational State Transfer) spielt bei der Entwicklung moderner Webanwendungen inzwischen eine wichtige Rolle. In a REST API, this app would usually hit the /users endpoint and receive a JSON array with user data. 3 benefits of GraphQL: Faster performance. Over the past decade, REST has become the standard (yet a fuzzy one) for designing web APIs. Herkömmliche Datenbanken mit starren Tabellenstrukturen kommen bei der Abbildung von komplexen Beziehungen jedoch schnell an ihre Grenzen. GraphQL vs REST: and the winner is... GraphQL is a breath of fresh air in a world dominated by REST architecture. Both GraphQL and REST are methods of communicating data across web services. This response however might contain more info about the users that are returned, e.g. Differences Between REST and GraphQL. In an example, if the client needs a field, they request it, and if the API adds a new field, clients don’t get it, unless it’s being added into the GraphQL query. GraphQL vs REST by glenn • November 27, 2019. Letztere lassen sich durch die Caching-Methoden der HTTP-Spezifikation zwischenspeichern (beispielsweise im Browser). What technology stack should you use for developing high performance applications using server-side scripting in 2019? GraphQL has a specification draft, and it’s a Query Language instead of an architecture, with a well defined set of tools built around it (and a flourishing ecosystem). 6 Subsequently, they use different HTTP verbs for read and write. GraphQL is the better REST Over the past decade, REST has become the standard (yet a fuzzy one) for designing web APIs. So können Sie beispielsweise als Python-Fan auf die Graphene-Bibliothek zurückgreifen – oder mit der Bibliothek graphql-java arbeiten, wenn Ihr Projekt auf Java basiert. In GraphQL, the GraphQL execution library builds it up for you to match the shape of the request. Monitoring. With REST, you have to make three requests to different endpoints to fetch the required data. This happens because the only way for a client to download data is by hitting endpoints that return fixed data structures. Im direkten Vergleich „GraphQL vs. REST“ erweist sich das Abfragekonzept von Facebook als wesentlich präziser und effizienter, was der Performance Ihrer Applikation zugutekommt. "[GraphQL] meets a lot of our goals around authorization, and our desire to, as our CTO David Strauss would say, solve the 'confused deputy problem' once and for all," she said. Thanks to the flexible nature of GraphQL, changes on the client-side can be made without any extra work on the server. Instrumenting and measuring performance of these resolvers provides crucial insights about bottlenecks in your system. Die Zusammenarbeit verschiedener Anwendungssysteme ist im Laufe der vergangenen Jahre immer wichtiger geworden – insbesondere aufgrund der ständig steigenden Zahl mobiler Geräte. Was hinter diesem Akronym steckt und warum genau HATEOAS für REST so... Für viele IT-Bereiche ist es notwendig, dass die Kommunikation zwischen verschiedenen Anwendungen schnell und fehlerfrei funktioniert. Its flexibility and the high speed of query execution make it … In a REST API, this app would usually hit the. Hintergrund war die Umgestaltung der nativen mobilen Facebook-Apps für iOS und Android, die aufgrund steigender Komplexität zunehmend schwächere Performance zeigten. Differences Between REST and GraphQL. GraphQL = performance vs REST = reliability. data structures. It’s very difficult to design the API in a way that it’s able to provide clients with their exact data needs. GraphQL vs REST. Let’s step through a practical example to compare GraphQL vs REST and see the similarities and differences of both API design architectures. Bei der JavaScript-Bibliothek GraphQL.js nutzen Sie dafür den JavaScript-Paketmanager npm (Node Package Manager) und folgenden Befehl: Alternativ können Sie die Bibliothek auch über den unter anderem von Facebook (überwiegend) und Google entwickelten Paket- und Abhängigkeitsmanager Yarn beziehen: Voraussetzung ist in beiden Fällen natürlich, dass eine aktuelle Version von Node.js installiert ist (empfohlen: Node v6.0.0 oder höher). GraphQL vs REST Comparison Table. Um auf diesen Trend zu reagieren, wurden zahlreiche Webservices entwickelt, die den systemübergreifenden Datentransfer ermöglichen. Ohne eigene Homepage kommt fast kein Unternehmen mehr aus. GraphQL treats performance as its top priority while REST is focused on keeping services reliability as their main objective. In a typical REST API, to … article to learn more about why developers love GraphQL. GraphQL is a Query Language; REST is not. With GraphQL, this problem is solved. The benefits of GraphQL vs. REST also include certain microservices security advantages, according to Krejci. Wie so oft gibt es auch hierfür einige etablierte Standards wie SOAP oder REST (Representational State Transfer), die eine Grundstruktur für Ihr API vorgeben, die mit jeder gängigen Programmiersprache problemlos angesteuert werden kann – insbesondere letztgenannte Architektur hat sich aufgrund ihrer Simplizität in den vergangenen Jahren zur absoluten Premium-Lösung entwickelt. Additional client training, hand-holding or writing a REST wrapper* may be required. Choosing Between GraphQL and REST. In fact, GraphQL vs REST is like comparing SQL technologies vs noSQL. has become the standard (yet a fuzzy one) for designing web APIs. Wer sich mit GraphQL auseinandersetzt, der wird beispielsweise schnell feststellen, dass erhaltene Antworten eins zu eins die gestellten Abfragen widerspiegeln. This kills productivity and notably slows down the ability to incorporate user feedback into a product. GraphQL GraphQL Fundamentals. (GraphQL vs REST) While the main benefit of GraphQL is to enable clients to query for just the data they need, this can also be problematic especially for open APIs where an organization cannot control 3rd party client query behavior. Eines der Hauptmerkmale von GraphQL ist die Simplizität der Abfragesprache, die Entwicklern den Zugang zur Schnittstelle so einfach wie möglich macht. GraphQL uses a strong type system to define the capabilities of an API. This response however might contain more info about the users that are returned, e.g. Which of them is overrated? However, the GraphQL vs REST question does remain valid because GraphQL cannot match the practicality of REST. GraphQL vs REST comparison. Yes, most REST API vs GraphQL comparisons miss the point. So, after all, what's the difference between GraphQL and REST? Both solutions boast certain advantages and will work well in different use cases. It offers some great ideas, such as stateless servers and structured access to resources. It’s very difficult to design the API in a way that it’s able to provide clients with their exact data needs. This is handy since it allows for the client to get all required information for a particular view by simply accessing the corresponding endpoint. endpoint and receive a JSON array with user data. In REST, each request usually calls exactly one route handler function. Of late, GraphQL has been presented as a revolutionary alternative to REST APIs—but as with anything else, it has its pros and cons. Even if a REST API returns only a basic partial, it is still transferring more data, while GraphQL is always aiming for the smallest possible request. This can escalate to a situation where a client needs to first download a list of elements, but then needs to make one additional request per element to fetch the required data. AMQP ist ein Protokoll, mit dem solche Schwierigkeiten nicht auftreten können. GraphQL vs REST by glenn • November 27, 2019. GraphQL vs. REST. REST, on the other hand, is a more suitable solution for more complex applications … Data fetching The most significant improvement that GraphQL introduced is data fetching. Das Open Graph Protocol (OGP) ermöglicht Ihnen, die Vorschauansicht Ihrer Webseite zu optimieren. To understand GraphQL’s differences from REST, we must remember that endpoints are the key abstrac- tion provided by REST. Posted in Blog and tagged elixir, graphql, rest. It's Apple vs Orange. Please advise. Teil des Konzepts, das sich vor allem durch die Forderung nach einer universellen Schnittstelle von vergleichbaren Lösungen abhebt, ist eine interne Applikationsstruktur, die den HATEOAS-Ansatz verfolgt. GraphQL vs. REST. I also cover two competing API design styles, REST and GraphQL. A REST-API that could be easily replaced by GraphQL indicates, that the API was in fact a CRUD-HTTP-API, what is considered an Anti-Pattern among REST-Evangelists. GraphiQL is one such IDE developed by the GraphQL Foundation. Practical Example of GraphQL vs REST. The langua The langua REST Vs GraphQL: A Controlled Experiment - 42papers Mit dem weiteren Klick laden Sie das Video von YouTube. Big Picture (Architecture) Clients. Folglich ist das Verschicken einer passgenauen Abfrage keine große Herausforderung, sofern Sie die Struktur der Daten kennen, die Ihre Anwendung benötigt, und diese in der Query formulieren. In this section, we will look at the key differences between GraphQL and REST with an example and also look at how they both can co-exist and complement each other. Frontend teams can easily test their applications by mocking the required data structures. erwiesen. Practical Example of GraphQL vs REST. GraphQL is often touted as an alternative to REST APIs. Since clients can specify their exact data requirements, no backend engineer needs to make adjustments when the design and data needs on the frontend change. REST defines interactions through standardized terms in its requests, GraphQL runs requests against a created schema to fetch exactly what is required. The API provides the additional endpoint /users//followers. Doch gelegentlich lässt die Darstellung in den sozialen Netzwerken zu wünschen übrig. This can for example help in evolving an API and deprecating specific fields that are not requested by any clients any more. Data fetching. GraphQL can be seen as an alternative to REST APIs. Once the server is ready, the switch can be flipped for the client apps to load the data from the actual API. Möglich gemacht hat das insbesondere eine Entwicklung, die Facebook überhaupt erst zu der Konzipierung von GraphQL bewegt hat: Die steigende Bedeutung und zunehmendeKomplexität mobiler Webapplikationen – denn insbesondere bei diesen Anwendungen für Android, iOS und Co. zeigt sich die große Stärke von GraphQL als API-Basis: Man kann mit einer einzigen Query Zugriff auf alle gewünschten Daten erhalten. For example, in GitHub’s REST API Increased overhead with GraphQL. GraphQL im Backend so umzusetzen, dass es performant und sicher läuft, ist also wesentlich schwieriger. To summarize, here are a few stand-out differences: 1. “Think in graphs, not endpoints.” Lessons From 4 Years of GraphQL by Lee Byron, GraphQL Co-Inventor. Great care has to be taken to ensure GraphQL queries don’t result in expensive join queries that can bring down server performance or even DDoS the server. Als Betreiber einer Website freut man sich in der Regel, wenn der eigene Content in den sozialen Medien geteilt wird. Development speed: – Durch den Eintrag „graphiql: true“ ist unter anderem das gleichnamige Tool aktiviert worden, das Ihnen die Eingabe von Querys über ein grafisches Benutzer-Interface ermöglicht. Damit Ihre Anwendung GraphQL-Abfragen verarbeiten kann, benötigen Sie ein Schema, das den Typ „Query“ (also Abfrage) definiert sowie den Zugangspunkt zu Ihrer Schnittstelle (auch API-Root genannt) inklusive Resolver-Funktion. Benefits of GraphQL. REST is a set of conventions, but there’s no official way to implement a RESTful API. Reply. Um die Funktionsweise von GraphQL zu verstehen, ist es notwendig, sich mit den drei elementaren Komponenten auseinanderzusetzen, die das Open-Source-Projekt auszeichnen: Im Zusammenspiel sorgen Abfragesprache, Typsystem und Laufzeitumgebung für ein hochgradig wandelbares API-Gerüst. Doch auch wenn der Siegeszug der REST-Architektur durchaus beeindruckend ist, gibt es dennoch interessante Alternativen wie GraphQL, die ebenfalls zu überzeugen wissen. In the example, these could be /users/ endpoint to fetch the initial user data. Entire IDEs are being developed just for GraphQL as well that leverages the language’s support for introspection. "GraphQL vs REST" is ill-typed Corey O'Connor ・ Oct 25 '19 ・ 3 min read. However, GraphQL allows repeating a query several times and requesting details – in the long run, this is what prevents over-etching. Since GraphQL was presented as a revolutionary alternative to RESTful API in 2015, there is a discussion between both solutions’ supporters and opponents. Let's just do a quick recap regarding the differences between REST and GraphQL: GraphQL solves both over-fetching and under-fetching issues by allowing the client to request only the needed data; Since the client now has more freedom in the fetched data, development is much faster with GraphQL than what it would be with REST. Of late, GraphQL has been presented as a revolutionary alternative to REST APIs—but as with anything else, it has its pros and cons. Im folgenden GraphQL-Tutorial erläutern wir Ihnen exemplarisch den Einstieg und die ersten Schritte mit dem API-Framework für eine JavaScript-Anwendung, wobei zusätzlich zur letztgenannten GraphQL.js-Bibliothek auch das Web-FrameworkExpress zum Einsatz kommt. GraphQL is faster than REST because you can easily pick the fields you have to query. Once the schema is defined, the teams working on frontend and backends can do their work without further communication since they both are aware of the definite structure of the data that’s sent over the network. Instrumenting and measuring performance of these resolvers provides crucial insights about bottlenecks in your system. In a typical REST API, to fetch … With a REST API, you would typically gather the data by accessing multiple endpoints. Also, REST and GraphQL can both be operated over HTTP, though GraphQL is protocol agnostic. GraphQL ist eine 2012 von Facebook entwickelte, SQL-ähnliche Abfragespracheinklusive Laufzeitumgebung und Typsystem. REST is a standard set of software principles that governs how to share data over an API. in das Terminal eingeben, sollten Sie folgende Nachricht erhalten: Nachdem Sie im vorangegangenen Schritt eine einfache Abfrage erstellt und über die Kommandozeile ausgeführt haben, ist es nun an der Zeit, einen GraphQL-API-Server zum Laufen zu bringen. The API provides the additional endpoint, . One thing to note in REST is that the type, or shape, of the resource and the way you fetch that resource are coupled. By going with GraphQL, you will generally end up with a much better API than if you would attempt to build a REST API without understanding its concepts. Today we are going to compare GraphQL, a newly introduced tool for the API management, with the classical REST. As each client specifies exactly what information it’s interested in, it is possible to gain a deep understanding of how the available data is being used. In terms of GraphQL vs. REST security, the credit seems to be leaning towards the latter’s side. It offers some great ideas, such as. It’s exciting to use and it looks like it could be a reliable alternative to the current trends in API creation. A common pattern with REST APIs is to structure the endpoints according to the views that you have inside your app. GraphQL vs REST: an example. GraphQL vs REST. *REST wrapper: An application can provide a REST interface wrapper. Retrieving Data . Um GraphQL-Bibliotheken nutzen zu können, müssen Sie diesezunächst installieren. Die GraphQL-Serverinstanz liefert dabei exakt die in der Abfrage definierten Informationen aus, sodass weder mehr noch weniger Daten als benötigt über die Schnittstelle versendet werden. In this introductory blog and accompanying article, I compare and contrast two competing stacks, Express and JavaScript with Apollo and TypeScript. . Secondly, there’s likely to be a /users//posts endpoint that returns all the posts for a user. GraphQL allows you to have fine-grained insights about the data that’s requested on the backend. Jetzt für unseren Newsletter anmelden und gratis Online-Marketing Whitepaper für lokale Anbieter sichern! These protocols are all on a spectrum and GraphQL has the most difficult position: it sits right in the middle. Angesichts der zunehmenden Popularität von GraphQL lohnt es sich aber, einen genaueren Blick darauf zu werfen und es gegebenenfalls für eigene Projekte in Betracht zu ziehen. Retrieving Data . The server then responds with a JSON object where these requirements are fulfilled. GraphQL has many advantages over REST. The common status code for every GraphQL request, error, or success is 200. From my experience (a lot of using GraphQL in ways in my opinion it’s not the best tool for the job) a couple more things to consider before choosing GraphQL over REST or other simpler APIs: 1. GraphQL vs REST. GraphQL-Tutorial: Einstieg und GraphQL-Beispiel, Schritt 3: Der eigene GraphQL-Server auf Express-Basis, APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), Ressourcenorientierte Webservices auf Basis von REST, AMQP: Das Advanced Message Queuing Protocol vorgestellt. Stützt sich Ihre Webanwendung auf die JavaScript-Laufzeitumgebung Node.js, eignet sich unter anderem GraphQL.js als Basis für die Implementierung. So it looks something like: Note: In the example above, some REST APIs would return “author” as a separate resource. With every change that is made to the UI, there is a high risk that now there is more (or less) data required than before. The third endpoint will then be the /users//followers that returns a list of followers per user. All the types that are exposed in an API are written down in a schema using the GraphQL Schema Definition Language (SDL). This is the reason why, in many cases, it is still considered the industry standard when it comes to deploying APIs. Bei vergleichbaren REST-APIs können Sie immer nur einen bestimmten Datensatz pro Query abfragen, woraufhin dieser komplett ausgegeben wird. This means that as a developer interacting with an API, each REST API you interact with requires you to learn entire new paradigms, use different tooling, etc. GraphQL vs REST: What You Need to Know Drew Russell. Now that we’ve looked at REST vs GraphQL, you might be wondering if GraphQL is … Facebook GraphQL wirft wesentliche Prinzipien klassischer REST-Architekturen über Bord. GraphQL uses the concept of. They work well with the Javascript type system, Once the schema is defined, frontend and backend teams can work independently from one another, Trick question: GraphQL doesn't have a type system. Core Concepts. Like. With a REST API, you would typically gather the data by accessing multiple endpoints. Underfetching generally means that a specific endpoint doesn’t provide enough of the required information. GraphQL uses the concept of resolver functions to collect the data that’s requested by a client. HTTP status codes. We have 10 tutorials prepared covering all major frontend and backend technologies you can use with GraphQL such as React, Relay, Apollo, NodeJS, and many more. GraphQL was developed to cope with the need for more flexibility and efficiency! to collect the data that’s requested by a client. Let’s say you have an online store and you’d like to showcase your latest products in a product catalog on your website. In this introductory blog and accompanying article, I compare and contrast two competing stacks, Express and JavaScript with Apollo and TypeScript. In general, selecting GraphQL or REST is a difficult task because both are good in their way. Benefits of the GraphQL Specification RESTful APIs, including the WP REST API have no official specification. Angesichts der zunehmenden Popularität von GraphQL lohnt es sich aber, einen genaueren Blick darauf zu werfen und es gegebenenfalls für eigene Projekte in Betracht zu ziehen. When you want to build an API, you have to use REST, which is a standard for designing web APIs. We have 10 tutorials prepared covering all major frontend and backend technologies you can use with GraphQL such as React, Relay, Apollo, NodeJS, and many more. GraphQL has been around for five years but quite frequently it still is seen as “the new kid on the block.” When it comes to deciding if and when to choose GraphQL for an API, this decision is often framed as a choice between “GraphQL and REST.” REST in this comparison stands for resource-oriented HTTP-based APIs. since the endpoints return additional information that’s not needed. However, in REST, one function can … GraphQL treats performance as its top priority while REST is focused on keeping services reliability as their main objective. GraphQL vs. REST – Was unterscheidet die beiden API-Konzepte? REST may be more familiar to them. Ein derartiges Szenario, vor dem Sie sich entsprechend schützen müssen, droht Ihnen beim Einsatz einer REST-API nicht so schnell. GraphQL is as an alternative to REST-based applica- tions –. Insbesondere für die Auslieferung der Newsfeed-Daten musste der Großkonzern eine adäquate Lösung finden, bei der das Verhältnis zwischen abgerufenen Informationen und notwendigen Serverabfragen zufriedenstellend war. Data fetching The most significant improvement that GraphQL introduced is data fetching. One of the most common problems with REST is that of over- and underfetching. Whereas other apps that only have “messages” as in high volume chat apps or analytics APIs where the only entity is an “event” may be more suited using something like Cassandra. Overfetching means that a client downloads more information than is actually required in the app. Underfetching generally means that a specific endpoint doesn’t provide enough of the required information. Zudem ist auch die Implementierung eines Caching-Verfahrens für nicht veränderliche Abfragen mit GraphQL erheblich komplizierterals für Abfragen über eine REST-Schnittstelle. There are certain applications where it makes sense to model complex entities in a SQL Db. Why is that? What is GraphQL good for. API Client Acceptance: Customers/Clients may not be comfortable being provided with a GraphQL API. Sollen also andere Services auf Daten Ihres Webprojekts zugreifen können, müssen Sie eine solche Schnittstelle entwickeln und implementieren. This just means creating Phoenix controllers that … Let's just do a quick recap regarding the differences between REST and GraphQL: GraphQL solves both over-fetching and under-fetching issues by allowing the client to request only the needed data; Since the client now has more freedom in the fetched data, development is much faster with GraphQL than what it would be with REST. Both REST and GraphQL have their own unique advantages which capitalize on the drawbacks of the other. Great care has to be taken to ensure GraphQL queries don’t result in expensive join queries that can bring down server performance or even DDoS the server. Facebook GraphQL wirft wesentliche Prinzipien klassischer REST-Architekturen über Bord. This can escalate to a situation where a client needs to first download a list of elements, but then needs to make one additional request per element to fetch the required data. GraphQL is going to shine when you need rapid development on the frontend and you expect the application to be responsive and with low latency. Tailoring requests to your needs. GraphQL solves this efficiency problem by fetching the exact data in a single request. After all, the lack of REST (and HTTP) knowledge resulted in the boom of “so-called-REST” APIs. There are certain applications where it makes sense to model complex entities in a SQL Db. Server +4 more chapters. that returns a list of followers per user. Während aus der Freiheit bei der Datenabfrage von GraphQL einerseits viele positive Merkmale resultieren, kann sie andererseits jedoch auch zum ernsthaften Sicherheitsproblem werden: Vor allem, wenn Sie offene APIs anbieten wollen, bei denen Sie das Abfrageverhalten von Drittanbieter-Clients nicht kontrollieren können. Seit 2017 läuft das Projekt unter der freien OWFa-1.0-Lizenz (Open Web Foundation). Each resource is identified by a URL, and you retrieve that resource by sending a GETrequest to that URL. REST is used by many developers and is widely regarded as the traditional way to send data over HTTP, but this trend is changing with the increase of GraphQL popularity. Secondly, there’s likely to be a /users//posts endpoint that returns all the posts for a user. As everything, RESTful API and GraphQL both have pros and cons, which need to be considered selecting proper solutions for the next project. GraphQL is often touted as an alternative to REST APIs. You’re also. -requests problem. What technology stack should you use for developing high performance applications using server-side scripting in 2019? Let’s step through a practical example to compare GraphQL vs REST and see the similarities and differences of both API design architectures. REST is a standard set of software principles that governs how to share data over an API. The core idea of REST is the resource. Im direkten Vergleich „GraphQL vs. REST“ erweist sich das Abfragekonzept von Facebook als wesentlich präziser und effizienter, was der Performance Ihrer Applikation zugutekommt. Ausgabeformat ist dabei das gleichermaßen schlanke wie verbreitete JavaScript-Format JSON (JavaScript Object Notation). Consequently, the backend needs to be adjusted as well to account for the new data needs. Diese zahlt sich wiederum insbesondere für Nutzer … The client will have to make additional requests to fetch everything it needs. It offers some great ideas, such as stateless servers and structured access to resources. Another issue is underfetching and the n+1-requests problem. GraphQL has many advantages over REST. "[GraphQL] meets a lot of our goals around authorization, and our desire to, as our CTO David Strauss would say, solve the 'confused deputy problem' once and for all," she said. In general, selecting GraphQL or REST is a difficult task because both are good in their way. Öffnen Sie dazu einfach Ihren Browser und geben Sie die folgende Adresse ein: Nachdem Sie in den verschiedenen Schritten dieses GraphQL-Tutorials die notwendigen Komponenten installiert, Ihr erstes Abfrage-Schema erstellt und den eigenen Server gestartet haben, können Sie sich danach also in aller Ruhe mit den Query-Eingabemöglichkeiten vertraut machen. Also worth noting is, that GraphQL puts responsibilty on the client, because the backing API is reduced to be … Having seen some of the things REST and GraphQL have in common, let’s now look at their differences and how they handle these differences. GraphQL has been around for five years but quite frequently it still is seen as “the new kid on the block.” When it comes to deciding if and when to choose GraphQL for an API, this decision is often framed as a choice between “GraphQL and REST.” REST in this comparison stands for resource-oriented HTTP-based APIs.